April 27, 2020

Systematic review critical to addressing burnout, mental health during pandemic

A new systematic review published today in the American Journal of Health Promotion that focuses on interventions to promote the health and well-being of physicians and nurses urges health care systems to incorporate programs supported by research that can help clinicians reduce symptoms of burnout, including stress, anxiety and depression.

Alarming rates of burnout, depression and suicide are not only negatively impacting physicians and nurses, but they are also linked to several negative consequences for health care systems, including dangerous medical errors and costly turnover. With the added stress of COVID-19, these alarming issues are likely to escalate.

This rigorous systematic review was conducted by an interprofessional research team as part of the National Academy of Medicine’s Action Collaborative on Clinician Well-being and Resilience. The team was led by Bernadette Melnyk, PhD, APRN-CNP, FAANP, FNAP, FAAAN, who serves as The Ohio State University’s vice president for health promotion, university chief wellness officer and dean of the College of Nursing. The team reviewed 187 studies that led to the final inclusion of 29 studies with nearly 3,000 participants. Effective interventions identified in the review include:

  • Mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral therapy-based interventions for reducing stress, anxiety and depression
  • Brief interventions that incorporate deep breathing and gratitude
  • Visual triggers, pedometers and health coaching with texting for physical activity

“This review was designed to pinpoint those interventions that are most effective in decreasing depression, stress and anxiety, as well as enhancing healthy lifestyle behaviors in physicians and nurses ” Melnyk said. “Mental health problems were a public health epidemic that negatively impacted the quality and safety of care before the COVID-19 crisis started. Health care systems must urgently invest in wellness cultures and evidence-based interventions to prevent a tsunami of these problems in frontline clinicians following this pandemic.”

The study, “Interventions to Improve Mental Health, Well-being, Physical Health and Lifestyle Behaviors in Physicians and Nurses: A Systematic Review,” is available online at this link.

October 09, 2019
C. Everett Koop Award recognizes outstanding worksite wellness programs

COLUMBUS, Ohio – The Ohio State University was honored with a national C. Everett Koop Award honorable mention for the breadth and effectiveness of its health and wellness initiatives.

The Koop Awards, which are granted by the Health Project, recognize worksite health promotion and improvement programs with documented results, both in effectiveness and economic impact. Criteria include improving population health by helping people change unhealthy behaviors and reducing health risks, establishing a culture of health and offering good value for the investment in these programs. Ohio State was one of only seven institutions nationally – and the only university – to earn an honorable mention award this year.

The Health Project is a not-for-profit corporation formed to bring about critical attitudinal and behavioral changes in addressing the health and well-being of Americans. Its mission is to seek out, evaluate, promote and disseminate the lessons learned from exemplary health promotion and disease prevention programs with demonstrated effectiveness in influencing personal health habits and cost-effective use of health care resources.

“This wonderful honor confirms that we are on the right track in promoting health and well-being across Buckeye Nation,” said Bernadette Melnyk, PhD, APRN-CNP, FAANP, FNAP, FAAN, vice president for health promotion, university chief wellness officer and dean of the College of Nursing. “We are building great momentum in our efforts to make Ohio State the healthiest campus in the world, and it starts with creating a wellness culture and incorporating evidence-based programs that get results.”

As the National Academy of Medicine highlighted in its groundbreaking case study released this summer about Ohio State’s efforts around well-being, Ohio State calculates a cumulative productivity net savings of more than $15 million from wellness programming, as well as a $3.65 return on investment for every dollar invested in wellness. Additional impacts include improvements in cardiovascular health; decreases in pre-diabetes, depression and anxiety; and increases in healthy lifestyle behaviors and academics among students, faculty and staff.

Melnyk and Megan Amaya, PhD, director of health promotion and wellness at the College of Nursing, accepted the award on Ohio State’s behalf at the 2019 HERO Forum hosted by the Health Enhancement Research Organization in Portland, Oregon.

July 31, 2019

The National Academy of Medicine (NAM) has spotlighted The Ohio State University's efforts to reduce the growing concern of burnout among practicing clinicians and medical, nursing, and health sciences students and trainees.

Ohio State became the first university to be featured by NAM as a role model in wellness and prevention, per College of Nursing spokesperson Phil Saken.

July 31, 2019

The National Academy of Medicine’s (NAM) Action Collaborative on Clinician Well-Being and Resilience released a comprehensive and groundbreaking case study today about how The Ohio State University is working to stem the growing epidemic of clinician burnout in healthcare settings.