Dr. Ford’s program of research focuses on (1) understanding the effects of the social environment (e.g. adversity and resilience) on neuroendocrine and immune biomarkers of stress, and ultimately, the physical and mental health outcomes of adolescents and young adults, and (2) the potential for neuroendocrine and immune biomarkers of stress to aid in the identification and management of mental health symptoms and outcomes. Her research is informed by her clinical background as a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner in primary care and is rooted in multilevel and life course theories.
Dr. Ford has expertise in analyzing secondary data from large complex surveys on the effect of the social environment (e.g. violence, social support) on health outcomes, including psychological distress and physiological stress among adolescents and young adults. This research has been funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar Program and OSU’s Institute for Population Research. In addition, Dr. Ford has expertise in primary collection of survey and stress biomarker data with adolescents and young adults, including vulnerable and hard to reach populations. She is the Principal Investigator (PI) of the Linking Biological and Social Pathways to Adolescent Health and Well-Being study funded by NIH/NIDA (1R21DA034960) and seed grant support from OSU’s Institute for Population Research (NICHD P2C-HD058484, Casterline, PI). The study added the collection of stress biomarkers (neuroendocrine, immune, and telomere regulation) to the Adolescent Health and Development in Context study (NIDA 5R01DA025415, Browning, PI), a longitudinal cohort study on the effects of social and spatial exposures on adolescent health and wellbeing (N=1,400). Dr. Ford is also the PI of a longitudinal study funded by OSU’s Center for Clinical and Translational Science to examine exposure to violence (child abuse, street violence) on the stress biology and mental health of youth experiencing homelessness and a Co-Investigator on a NIH/NIDA funded randomized control trial testing a Housing First intervention linked with opioid prevention services for youth experiencing homelessness (UG3DA050174).
- Chavez, L.J., Kelleher, K., Slesnick, N., Holowacz, E., Luthy, E., Weigel, L., & Ford, J.L. (Forthcoming). Virtual reality meditation: Pilot study of feasibility among youth experiencing homelessness. Journal of Medical Internet Research – Mental Health.
- Ford, J.L., Boch, S.J, & Browning, C.R. (Forthcoming). Hair cortisol and depressive symptoms in youth: An investigation of curvilinear relationships. Psychoneuroendocrinology. PMCID: PMC6986562.
- Blair, L., Ford, J., Gugiu, P.C., Pickler, R.H., Munro, C. & Anderson, C.M. (Forthcoming). Prediction of cognitive ability with social determinants in children of low birthweight. Nursing Research.
- Blair, L.M., Pickler, R.H., Gugiu, P.C., Ford, J.L., Munro, C. & Anderson, C.M. (2020). Genetic risk factors for poor cognitive development in low birthweight children. Biological Research for Nursing, 22, 5-12.
- Gebrie, M.H., & Ford, J. (2019). Depressive symptoms and dietary non-adherence among end stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy: systematic review. BMC Nephrology 20, 429.
- Blair, L.M. & Ford, J.L. (2019). Neighborhood context and the risk for developmental disorder in early childhood. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 23, 1213-1219.
- Boch, S.J.*, Warren, B., & Ford, J.L. (2019). Attention, externalizing, and internalizing problems of youth exposed to parental incarceration. Issues in Mental Health Nursing.
- Giurgescu, C., Nowak, A.*, Gillespie, S., Nolan, T., Anderson, C.M., Ford, J.L., Hood, D.B., & Williams, K.P. (2019). Neighborhood Environment and DNA Methylation: Implications for Cardiovascular Disease Risk. Journal of Urban Health.
- Ford, J.L., Anderson, C., Gillespie, S. Giurgescu, C., Nolan, T., Nowak, A.*, & Williams, K.P. (2019). Social integration and quality of social relationships as protective factors for inflammation in a nationally representative sample of Black women. Journal of Urban Health.
- Schmeer, K., Ford, J.L., & Browning, C.R. (2018). Early childhood family instability and immune system dysregulation in adolescence. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 102, 189-195.
- Knupp, A.*, Patterson, E., Ford, J.L., Zurmehly, J., & Patrick, T. (2018). Associations among aspects of the neonatal intensive care unit nursing practice environment, individual nurse characteristics, and nurse fatigue. Journal of Nursing Administration, 48, 642-648.
- Boch, S.J.* & Ford, J.L. (2018). The physical and mental health effects of parental incarceration on children and adolescents: An integrative review. Forensic Nursing, 14, 61-71.
- Wright, K.D., Ford, J.L. Perrazol, J., Jones, L.M., Mahari, S., & Laudenslager. (2018). Collecting hair samples for hair cortisol concentration analysis in African Americans. Journal of Visualized Experiments (JOVE), 136.
- Ogbolu, Y., Ford, J.L., Cohn, E., Gillespie, G. (2017). Nurses on the move: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars and their action on the social determinants of health. Ethnicity and Health, 1-11.
- Ford, J.L. & Stowe, R. (2017) Depressive symptoms are associated with salivary shedding of Epstein-Barr virus in female adolescents: The role of sex differences. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 86, 128-133.
- Bates, R.*, Salsberry, P., & Ford, J.L. (2017). Measuring stress in young children using hair cortisol: The state of the science. Biological Research for Nursing, 19, 499-510.
- Browning, C.R., Calder, K., Ford, J.L., Smith, A., & Haynie, D. (2017). Understanding racial differences in exposure to violent locations: Integrating survey, smartphone, and administrative data resources. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 669, 41-62.
- Ford, J.L., Boch, S.J.,* & McCarthy, D. (2016). Feasibility of hair collection for cortisol measurement in population research on adolescent health. Nursing Research, 65, 249-55.
- Boch, S.* & Ford, J.L. (2015). C-reactive protein levels among U.S. adults affected by parental incarceration. Biological Research for Nursing, 17, 574-84.
- Ford, J.L. & Browning, C.R. (2015). Exposure to neighborhood immigrant concentration from adolescence to young adulthood and immune function among Latino young adults. Health & Place, 32, 59-64.
- Ford, J.L. & Browning, C.R. (2014). Effects of exposure to violence with a weapon during adolescence on adult hypertension. Annals of Epidemiology, 24, 193-8.
- Ford, J.L. & Browning, C.R. (2014). Neighborhoods and infectious disease risk: Acquisition of chlamydia during the transition to young adulthood. Journal of Urban Health, 91, 136-50.
- Ford J.L. & Stowe, RP. (2013). Racial/ethnic differences in Epstein-Barr virus antibody titers among U.S. children and adolescents. Annals of Epidemiology, 23, 275-80.
- Ford, J.L & Rechel, M. (2012). Parental perceptions of the neighborhood context and adolescent depression. Public Health Nursing, 29, 390-402.
- Ford, J.L. & Browning, C.R. (2011). Neighborhood social disorganization and the acquisition of trichomoniasis among young adults in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 101, 1696-703.
- Ford, J.L. (2011). Racial and ethnic disparities in HPV awareness and vaccination among young adult women: Findings from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Family Growth. Public Health Nursing, 28, 485-493.
- Ahijevych, K, & Ford J.L. (2010). The relationships between menthol cigarette preference and state tobacco control policies on smoking behaviors of young adult smokers in the 2006-2007 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Surveys. Addiction, 105 (s1), 46-54.
- Smith, L. & Ford, J. (2010). History of forced sex and young adult males' engagement in sexual risk behaviors. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2, 87-92.
- Ford, J. & Forthofer, M. (2010). Social disparities in the receipt of contraceptive services among sexually experienced adolescent females. Social Work in Public Health, 25, 352-367.
- Nearns, J. (2009). Health insurance and prescription contraceptive use among yourng adult women at risk for unintended pregnancy. Contraception, 79, 105-110.
- Nearns, J., Baldwin, J., & Clayton, H. (2009). Social, behavioral and health care factors associated with recent HIV testing among sexually active non-Hispanic Black women in the U.S. Women's Health Issues, 19, 52-60.
- Funded Research Grants
- 2029043 (Browning, PI)
5/15/20 - 4/30/21
National Science Foundation
Collaborative Research: RAPID: Socioeconomic Determinants of Social Distancing Behaviors in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic
The purpose of this study is to examine socioeconomic differences in social distancing practice during the COVID-19 practices.
- UG3DA050174-01 (Slesnick, N. & Kelleher, K. – MPI)
09/30/19 – 08/31/20
Prevention of OUD: The HOME (Housing, Opportunities, Motivation and Engagement) Randomized Trial
The UG3 study will pilot test a Housing First intervention linked with opioid and related risk prevention services with youth experiencing homelessness to determine its initial efficacy, feasibility and acceptability, and to refine the housing strategy, as needed, for a larger Phase II trial (UH3) to start in Fall 2020. In addition, the study will examine psychological and biological (hair cortisol) stress pathways through which housing effects substance use and mental health of youth experiencing homelessness.
- UL1TR002733 (Jackson – PI CCTS Grant, Ford- PI Pilot)
09/16/19 – 09/17/20
OSU Center for Clinical and Translational Science Pilot Grant
Feasibility of Collecting Stress Biomarkers among Homeless Youth
This pilot study will examine the feasibility of collecting stress biomarkers (hair for cortisol, saliva for telomeres) longitudinally in a diverse sample of youth experiencing homelessness, and to explore the relationships between the stress biomarkers and violence exposures.
- 1R21HD099596 (Hackman – PI)
08/16/19 – 07/31/21
Adolescent Responses to Varying Environments in Virtual Reality Simulations
This R21 study will examine the effect of adverse neighborhood environments on chronic stress (hair cortisol) using a virtual reality platform, and habituation or sensitization to different neighborhood characteristics.
Ohio League for Nursing Sub-award (Bechtel and Jones – MPI) 08/21/18 – 07/31/20
Evaluation of the Core Determinants of Health
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a nurse-led screening process related to the core social determinants of health.
- R21TW011131 (Schmeer – PI)
08/15/18 – 04/30/20
NIH, John E Fogarty International Center
Social Contexts, Stress and Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors across the Life Course: A Pilot Study in Nicaragua
The purpose of this study is to conduct biosocial and longitudinal research in collaboration with the Center for Demographic and Health Research (CIDS) at the Nicaraguan National Autonomous University in Leon on the relationships between social contexts, stress and health behaviors in adolescents from Leon, Nicaragua.
- R03HD096182 (Boettner – PI)
04/01/18 – 03/31/20
Documenting and Archiving the Adolescent Health and Development in Context Study
The purpose of this project is to prepare the data from the Adolescent Health and Development in Context study and the Linking Biological and Social Pathways to Adolescent Health and Wellbeing for restricted and public use distribution.
- 2029043 (Browning, PI)
- Degree Certifications
- PhD in Public Health - Social and Behavioral Science Concentration, University of South Florida (Department of Community and Family Health)
- MS in Nursing - Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, University of Florida
- BS in Nursing, University of Florida
by Pat Ford-Roegner
Lurking right behind the COVID-19 pandemic is another major killer: the seemingly unstoppable incidences of violence by Americans on one another. Most recently, we witnessed senseless shootings in areas including Atlanta, Austin, Boulder, Chicago, Columbus, Indianapolis, Kenosha, WI and Orange County, CA. Major cities are experiencing a steep rise in gun violence. My hometown of Philadelphia reels daily from violence. Innocent children are frequent victims.
The events themselves are horrific, but only part of the story.
OHIO-Nurses are up against major obstacles every day: workplace violence; burnout; unsafe staffing; COVID-19; and other traumatic events. Many of these have a lasting impact that go beyond the bedside, leading to moral injury within the profession. Moral injury, often described as a consequence of continual acts that go against one’s morality, is a phenomenon sweeping the profession, which is why the Ohio Nurses Foundation announced today the winners of a $100,000 award to support important research on moral injury in nursing.